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Apr 2, 2021 2 min read

How to Delete All Lines of a File in Vim

Esc+gg+dG is what you need to do for deleting all the lines of the file in Vim. Here's how it works.
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You can delete a line in Vim with dd i.e. pressing the d key twice. But what if you want to delete all the lines in Vim?

You cannot do Ctrl+A and use Del key like you do in a regular text editor. That's not how Vim works.

There is no straightforward keyboard shortcut for this. However, you can use the dG keys if you are at the beginning of the file.

Deleting all lines in Vim

Here are the steps:

  • Make sure you are in the command mode in Vim by pressing the Esc key.
  • You need to be at the beginning of the file. Press gg for that. This means pressing the g key in quick succession.
  • Now press dG. This means pressing the key d and then hold Shift and press g. Yes, G is uppercase and you'll have to use shift key here the same way you type G.

In short: Esc+gg+dG is what you need to do for deleting all the lines of the file in Vim.

You can undo the delete by pressing the key u. It works for any action you had performed in the command mode in Vim.

So, how does this dG command works? To be precise, the d is for the cut action and G is for moving the cursor to the end of the file. This way, dG cuts all the text from the current cursor position to the end of the file.

This is why you need to be at the beginning of the file if you want to delete all the lines in Vim.

There are more ways to empty a file in Linux other than Vim. In case you are interested in that.

Empty or Truncate a Log File in Linux [4 Ways]
In this tutorial, you’ll learn various ways to truncate a log file and delete its content without deleting the file itself.

If you are interested in learning more than just the Vim basics, I highly recommend using this program by Jovica Ilic.

Mastering Vim Quickly - Jovica Ilic
Exiting Mastering Vim Quickly From WTF to OMG in no time

Questions or suggestions? Please leave a comment.

Abhishek Prakash
Creator of Linux Handbook and It's FOSS. An ardent Linux user & open source promoter. Huge fan of classic detective mysteries from Agatha Christie and Sherlock Holmes to Columbo & Ellery Queen.

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