The biggest advantage of using a swap file is that you can easily resize it. That’s not always the case when you use a dedicated swap partition.
Let’s see how to resize the swap space on Ubuntu.
Increase swap size on Ubuntu
If you are using swap partition and want to increase the swap size, you can create swap file. Your Linux system can use multiple swap spaces as needed. This way, you won’t have to touch the partition.
This tutorial assumes that you are using swap file on your system, not a swap partition.
Now, let’s see how to increase the swap file. First thing first, make sure that you have a swap file in your system.
It will show the current swap available. If you see the type file, it indicates that you are using a swap file.
swapon --show NAME TYPE SIZE USED PRIO /swapfile file 2G 0B -2
Now before you resize the swap file, you should turn the swap off. You should also make sure that you have enough free RAM available to take the data from swap file. Otherwise, create a temporary swap file.
You can disable a given swap file using this command. The command doesn’t produce any output and it may take a few minutes to complete:
sudo swapoff /swapfile
Now use the fallocate command in Linux to change the size of the swap file.
sudo fallocate -l 4G /swapfile
Make sure that you mark this file as swap file:
sudo mkswap /swapfile
You should see an output like this where it warns you that old swap signature is being wiped out.
sudo mkswap /swapfile mkswap: /swapfile: warning: wiping old swap signature. Setting up swapspace version 1, size = 4 GiB (4294967296 bytes) no label, UUID=c50b27b0-a530-4dd0-9377-aa28eabf3957
Once you do that, enable the swap file:
sudo swapon /swapfile
free -h total used free shared buff/cache available Mem: 7.7G 873M 5.8G 265M 1.0G 6.3G Swap: 4.0G 0B 4.0G
You see how easy it is to resize swap size thanks to the swap files. You didn’t touch the partition, you didn’t reboot the system. Everything was done on the fly. How cool is that!
Similarly, resizing LVM is also a painless task. I like how these things have improved the Linux experience.
I hope you found this quick tutorial helpful in resizing the swap space on Ubuntu as well as other Linux distributions. If you have questions or suggestions, please leave a comment below.